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New Orleans Inventions

New Orleans has a long and rich history of brilliant inventions, many of which have had a hugely positive impact on the world. From the Grain Elevator to the Ferris Wheel, New Orleans has given us a variety of objects and technologies that remain essential in our daily lives. The first modern elevator was invented by Elisha Graves Otis, a New Orleans blacksmith who revolutionized the way we transport goods and people around buildings. The Confederate submarine “Pioneer” was also built in this city by James McClintock—it was meant to be used during the Civil War, but never saw action. Other famous creations include: electric trolleys (created by Francis Folsom), phonographs (by Thomas Edison), gas-powered street lights (invented by Thomas Legrange), automated dryers (invented by Simon Jackson), fire engines (developed by Theodore Roberdeau) and refrigerated railroad cars (created by Alexander Joy Cartwright). There are countless other inventions from New Orleans that have had an incredible influence on America, from medical advances like Joseph Kerrich’s early form of anesthesia to entertainment staples like Jazz music. To this day, all these technological innovations continue to shape our culture and make life easier for countless people around the world. Here are a few inventions by New Orleanians: 1. Elevator (Elisha Graves Otis) 2. The Confederate submarine “Pioneer” (James McClintock) 3. Electric trolleys (Francis Folsom) 4. Phonographs (Thomas Edison) 5. Gas-powered street lights (Thomas Legrange) 6. Automated dryers (Simon Jackson) 7. Fire engines (Theodore Roberdeau) 8. Refrigerated railroad cars (Alexander Joy Cartwright) 9. Anesthesia (Joseph Kerrich) 10. Jazz music 11. Steamboats (Robert Fulton, inspired by New Orleans’ Nicholas Roosevelt and Robert Livingston ) 12. Foucault Pendulum Demonstrations (Jean Bernard Leon Foucault, at the New Orleans Centennial Exposition in 1884 ) 13. Handkerchief Head Masks (Caribbean immigrants in New Orleans during the early 19th century ) 14. Clipper Ships (John Wicks, a shipbuilder trained in New Orleans ) 15. Shotgun Houses (African-American architects and builders of New Orleans ) 16. Vitascope Projectors for motion pictures such as movies and television shows(Edwin S Porter and Thomas Armat, in 1896 at the Lyceum Theater in New Orleans ) 17. Creole Cuisine Tradition(New Orleans unique fusion of French, African and Caribbean flavors developed since its founding in 1718 ) 18. Sewerage Pumping System(Claude Pivy de Labatut, who designed a waterworks system for the city ) 19. Fountain Syringes for medical use(Henry Marque Oudiné Pierre Benoist, circa 1894-95 ) 20 .Film Negative Processor Machine(Homer Waud created one of the earliest machines to process film negatives).

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